The Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution on 26th November 1949 and it came into effect on 26th of January 1950.The Constitution of India has borrowed most of its provisions from various Constitutions of the countries as well as from the Government of India Act of 1935. The structural part of the Constitution is to a large extent and derived from the Government of India Act of 1935. The political part of the Constitution is derived from the British Constitution. The philosophical part of the Constitution is derived from the Irish and American Constitution respectively. In the countries, the Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of the world. The Indian Constitution, originally, had 395 Articles (divided into 22 parts) and 8 Schedules. Now, with 104 amendments till 25 January 2020, it has 470 Articles (divided into 25 parts) and 12 Schedules. Schedules are basically tables which contains additional details not mentioned in the articles.
To know about the schedules of the Indian Constitution, refer to the table below.
|Schedule||Features of the Schedule||Articles related to the Schedule|
It contains provisions relating to the allowances, privileges, emoluments and so on of:
It contains the forms of oath and affirmation for:
|Fourth Schedule||It contains the provisions of the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and the union territories|
|Fifth Schedule||It contains the provisions relating to the administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes.|
|Sixth Schedule||It contains the provisions relating to the administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram|
It contains the division of powers between the Union and the States in terms of list:
It contains languages recognized by the constitution. Initially, it contained 14 languages, but presently there are 22 languages. They are:
|Ninth Schedule||It contains Acts and Regulations of the State legislatures dealing with land reforms and abolition of the zamindari system and of the Parliament dealing with other matters. This schedule was added by the first Amendment Act of 1951.|
|Tenth Schedule||It contains the provisions relating to disqualification of the members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection. This schedule was added by the 52nd Amendment Act of 1985. It is also known as Anti-defection Law|
|Eleventh Schedule||It contains the provisions that specify the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats. It has 29 matters. This schedule was added by the 73rd Amendment Act of 1992.|
|Twelfth Schedule||It deals with the provisions that specify the powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities. It has 18 matters. This schedule was added by the 74th Amendment Act of 1992.|