Table of Contents
The official name of IndiA is the Republic of India. India is the second-most populated country in the world and also the seventh- largest country by land in the world. The Republic of Indiα is made up of twenty-eight states and eight union territories. New Delhi is the National Capital Territory of Indiα.
Below the table shown are general information about Indiα.
Hindi and English
Recognized Regional languages
22 (Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu)
Ram Nath Kovind
Narendra Damodardas Modi
N. V. Ramana
Lok Sabha Speaker
Number of members in the Upper House
245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Number of members in the Lower House
15 August 1947
26 January 1950
2nd rank in the world (Approximately, 136.64 crores in 2019 according to the World Bank)
Indiαn rupee (₹)
UTC+05:30 (Indian Standard Time)
Geographical Introduction of India
Indiα is a part of the Asia Continent. It is situated on the western fringe of the Indian Ocean. Indiα lies midway between South East Asia and the South West Asia. Indiα shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, Afghanistan to the northwest, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north and Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east.
Below the table shown the length of the borders of the neighbouring countries of Indiα.
Length (in km.)
Longest bordered states
The Indian Peninsula coastal line is surrounded on three sides by Oceans, i.e., the Bay of Bengal to the southeast, the Indian Ocean to the south and the Arabian sea to the southwest.
India shares its maritime border with Sir Lanka and Maldives in the Indian Ocean. Also, in the Indian Ocean, the Indiαn Islands Andaman and Nicobar share maritime borders with Thailand, Myanmar and Indonesia. However, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar are the countries that share land borders as well as water borders with India.
Below the table shown are geographical information about India.
Indian subcontinent (South Asia)
8˚4′ N to 37˚6′ N
68˚7′ E to 97˚25′ E
32,87,263 sq. km
7516.6 km (mainland including Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep)
82˚30′ East Longitude
Indira point (Nicobar Island)
Southernmost point of mainland
8586 m (Kanchenjunga)
-2.7 m (kuttanad)
Ganga (2525 km)
The Tropic of Cancer passes (west to east) through eight states in India.
Below table shown these eight states where the Tropic of Cancer passes in Indiα.
The Indian standard time longitude (IST-82°30′ East) passes (north to south) through five states.
Below table shown these five states where the Standard Meridian passes in Indiα.
The Republic of Indiα is made up of twenty-eight states and eight union territories.
States Of India And Their Capitals
Union Territories Of India And Their Capitals
Union Territories Names
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu
Jammu and Kashmir