List of Sources of the Indian Constitution

  List of Sources of the Indian Constitution  

The Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution on 26th November 1949 and it came into effect on 26th of January 1950.The Constitution of India has borrowed most of its provisions from various Constitutions of the countries as well as from the Government of India Act of 1935. The structural part of the Constitution is to a large extent and derived from the Government of India Act of 1935. The political part of the Constitution is derived from the British Constitution. The philosophical part of the Constitution is derived from the Irish and American Constitution respectively. The other provisions of the Constitution have been drawn from various countries’ Constitutions such as Canada, France, Germany, USSR, Japan, South Africa, and so on.

The Federal Scheme, Judiciary, Governors, emergency powers, the Public Service Commissions and most of the administration details are drawn from the Government of India Act, 1935.

After the making of the Constitution of India, Dr. B R Ambedkar proudly claimed that the Constitution of India had been prepared after ‘ransacking all the known constitutions of the world’.

To know about the sources of the Indian Constitution, refer to the table below.


Borrowed Features of Indian Constitution
British constitution
  • Parliamentary form of government
  • Rule of Law
  • Legislative Procedure
  • Single Citizenship
  • Cabinet System
  • Prerogative writs
  • Parliamentary Privileges 
  • Bi-cameralism
Constitution of the United States
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Independence of Judiciary
  • Judicial Review
  • Impeachment of the President of India
  • Removal of Supreme Court and High Court Judges
  • Post of Vice-president
  • Preamble
  • President as Supreme Commander of Armed Forces
  • Electoral College
Canadian constitution
  • Federation with a strong Centre
  • Vesting of Residuary powers in the   Centre
  • Appointments of the state governor by the Centre
  • Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
  • Distribution of powers between the central government and state governments
Irish constitution (Ireland)
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
  • Method of election of the president 
French constitution
  • Republic and the ideals of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity in the Preamble
Australian constitution
  • Concurrent list
  • Freedom of trade, commerce and inter-course
  • Joint-sitting of the two Houses of Parliament
Constitution of Soviet Union (USSR, now Russia)
  • Fundamental Duties
  • The ideals of Justice (Social, Economic and Political) in the Preamble.
Constitution of Japan
  • Procedure Established by Law
Constitution of Germany
  • Emergency powers to be enjoyed by the Union
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency.
Constitution of South Africa
  • Procedure for amendment in the Indian Constitution
  • Election of members of Rajya Sabha
Government of India Act 1935
  • Federal Scheme
  • Office of governor
  • Judiciary
  • Public Service
  • Commissions
  • Emergency provisions
  • Administrative details

The Constitution of India contains various provisions borrowed from other nations, but they are absorbed in the Indian Constitution to suit its polity and governance. They are not exactly copied. The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of the world. The Indian Constitution, originally, had 395 Articles (divided into 22 parts) and 8 Schedules. Now, with 104 amendments till 25 January 2020, it has 470 Articles (divided into 25 parts) and 12 Schedules.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!