Table of Contents
List of Vice-Presidents of India
The Vice-President occupies the second highest office in the country. He is accorded a rank next to the President in the official warrant of precedence. According to the Constitution, the Vice-President functions as ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Being ex-officio Chairman means that he is the Chairman in the capacity of being the Vice-President. His main function is to preside over the meetings of Rajya Sabha, as is done by the Speaker in the Lok Sabha.
The Vice-President of India is elected not directly by the people but by members of the electoral college. This electoral college includes the members of both Houses of Parliament. The Vice-President is elected according to the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote, and the voting is by secret ballot. The oath of office to the Vice-President is administered by the President or some person appointed in that behalf by him. He is elected for a term of five years. He can also be removed from the office before the completion of his term.
India gained independence on August 15, 1947, and became a republic on January 26, 1950, when its constitution came into force. There have been 14 Vice-Presidents of India since the adoption of the Indian constitution in 1950. Refer to the table given below to learn about the Vice-Presidents of India from 1952 to 2022.
|1||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||13 May 1952 – 13 May 1962|
|2||Zakir Husain||13 May 1962 – 13 May 1967|
|3||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||13 May 1967 – 3 May 1969|
|4||Gopal Swarup Pathak||31 August 1969 – 31 August 1974|
|5||B. D. Jatti||31 August 1974 – 31 August 1979|
|6||M. Hidayatullah||31 August 1979 – 31 August 1984|
|7||R. Venkataraman||31 August 1984 – 24 July 1987|
|8||Shanker Dayal Sharma||3 September 1987 – 24 July 1992|
|9||K. R. Narayanan||21 August 1992 – 24 July 1997|
|10||Krishan Kant||21 August 1997 – 27 July 2002|
|11||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat||19 August 2002 – 21 July 2007|
|12||M. Hamid Ansari||11 August 2007 – 11 August 2017|
|13||M. Venkaiah Naidu||11 August 2017 – 11 August 2022|
|14||Jagdeep Dhankhar||11 August 2022 – Incumbent|
Qualifications for Election as Vice-President
In order to be qualified for election as Vice-President, a person must:
- He should be a citizen of India.
- He should have completed the age of 35 years.
- He should be qualified to be elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
- He should not hold any office of profit under the Union government or any state government or any local authority or any other public authority. But a sitting President or Vice-President of the Union or the Governor of any state or a Minister either for the Union or for any state is not disqualified for election as Vice-President.
Some Important Facts about the Vice-President
Some important facts related to the Vice-Presidents of India are given below:
- Out of 14 Vice-Presidents, six of them later went on to become the President. These Vice-Presidents are Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Zakir Husain, Varahagiri Venkata Giri, R. Venkataraman, Shanker Dayal Sharma and K. R. Narayanan.
- Krishna Kant was the first Vice-President who died in his post of Vice-President.
- M. Venkaiah Naidu is the first Vice-President to be born after Independent India is formed.
- The first Vice-President of India was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.